Sclerotherapy | FORT WORTH, TX
Varicose veins and spider veins are common sightings on the human body, normally found on our ankles and legs. Most of the time, these enlarged veins don’t cause any problems. However, that is not the case all the time; for some people, it may lead to other more serious complications such as blood clots, swollen skin, or open sores.
Whether you are going through these complications, or you just simply dislike seeing these veins, you have the option to undergo sclerotherapy.
What is Sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy is a procedure used in the treatment of varicose and spider veins. Used often in the treatment of small varicose veins, a chemical solution known as a sclerosant is injected into the vein, destroying the inner lining and causing a clot that blocks blood circulation.
Heart contractions pump blood forward due to the low blood pressure in the veins, and most veins have valves that only permit blood flow into the heart by preventing back-flow. When these valves stop functioning, they cause the veins to enlarge and bulge, resulting in varicose veins. Smaller veins connected to the varicose veins can also enlarge and appear on the skin surface as spider veins, which are either blue or red.
How It Works
The procedure involves the sterilization of the area being treated and injecting the sclerosant into the vein to destroy it. The sclerosant blocks blood flow in the vein by causing a clot or collapsing the vein, which forces the blood to flow through the right vessels in the circulatory system. Compression stockings or elastic bandages are worn by the patient to reduce the pain as well as aid in the healing process after the procedure.
What It’s For
Sclerotherapy treatment is used to treat spider veins and varicose veins, both large and small. Spider veins are closer to the skin’s surface than varicose veins, while larger varicose veins occur in the legs and feet and are usually due to pressure on the lower body. They might be hereditary, a result of obesity, a medication that shifts hormones or simply from standing for long hours.
The treatment is not advisable for pregnant women, nursing mothers, a person with a history of allergic reactions to sclerosant or similar substances and people that have blood clots and inflammation in leg veins.
Before commencing with the treatment, it is important to consult with our experts first to know the risks and the outcome of the procedure.
What to Expect
Before The Procedure:
The first step is consulting a specialist – the procedure can only take place after getting in touch with one of our specialists and obtaining approval.
During The Procedure:
You will lie on your back with your legs elevated and the area being treated is sterilized to avoid infection. Afterwards, the sclerosant is injected into the vein using a needle.
Some patients feel minor stings or cramps during needle insertion, and there might be a pain in cases where the sclerosant gets into the surrounding tissue. If the pain is too much, though, immediately inform the doctor. The location, number, and size of the veins being treated determine the number of sessions that you will have with our doctor.
After The Procedure:
You will be able to return to your daily routines immediately after the procedure, but it is advisable to take a rest, avoid sun exposure and strenuous activities. Sun exposure to the injected area causes the formation of dark spots, while strenuous exercises and activities interfere with the healing process and might cause the vein to reopen. We recommend walking and movement of the legs to reduce any chances of blood clots forming in the treated area.
Red and swollen inflamed areas appear after the procedure as the vein closes, but these disappear during the healing process. However, the size of the treated vein determines how long it will take to heal, which can be several months after the procedure.
You are recommended to gently massage the treated area and apply a warm, moist compress several times a day, which relieves discomfort and promotes the healing process by boosting the natural reabsorption of the treated areas. High levels of discomfort can be treated using thrombectomy – puncturing of the skin to remove trapped blood.
Swelling might still be visible a month later, but give it 3-6 more months, and it will disappear. Drugs for pain relief, such as Ibuprofen, are recommended, and patients that are allergic to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are advised to take Tylenol. For more prescription requirements, consult one of our doctors.
Visible results for spider veins and small varicose veins take place 3-6 weeks after the procedure. Bruises take a shorter time of around two weeks, while larger veins might take 3-4 months to show any changes.
Most patients are happy with the results after six months, and by that time, the swelling, numbness, and discoloration would normally have completely diminished. However, any new indications of the formation of varicose veins should be reported to our doctor immediately.
Multiple sessions might be required to attain the desired results, and the veins fade and appear lighter after every session. Sclerotherapy does not eliminate the formation of new varicose and spider veins, so new veins can still form even after the procedure, however, patients are satisfied with our results.
Schedule a consultation
Sclerotherapy has been used for a long time with great success, resulting in effective medical and cosmetic results. It improves the appearance of the skin and increases the patient’s confidence.
For more information on Sclerotherapy, get in touch with us. Write to us or give us a call to set up an appointment with one of our certified dermatologists for a consultation and full diagnosis.